Seokbeom Kwon Wins at 2017 Georgia Tech Research & Innovation Conference
[February 9, 2017] Seokbeom Kwon, a third year doctoral student at the School of Public Policy at Georgia Institute of Technology, took first place at the Georgia Tech Research and Innovation Conference, held on the campus of Georgia Tech on February 3, 2017. Seokbeom’s paper, “Strategic patent acquisition of patent assertion entities and defensive patent aggregators” develops an innovative method for examining the behaviors of defense patent aggregators as an alternative to patent assertion entities (e.g., patent trolls). Seokbeom was awarded a professional travel grant. More than 300 Georgia Tech graduate students presented their research at the Conference. Seokbeom’s research is ongoing with the Georgia Tech Program in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP).
Novel Analysis of Policy Reports Demonstrates Credibility of Scientific and Technical Information
[February 9, 2017] A new method of analyzing US National Academy reports was showcased in a recent article published in Research Policy. The aim of the paper was to understand the credibility of scientific and technical information in these reports. The paper shows that scientific and technical information is important for credibility while developing the report but less important in conveying the results to external audiences. Citation: Youtie, J., Bozeman, B., Jabbehdari, S., & Kao, A. (2017). Credibility and use of scientific and technical information in policy making: An analysis of the information bases of the National Research Council’s committee reports. Research Policy, 46(1), 108-120. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2016.11.001
Evolution of 3-D Printing
[February 9, 2017] A recent paper published in Scientometrics shows that co-classification and co-word analyses inform path analysis to reveal technical evolution of 3D printing. Citation: Huang, Y., Zhu, D., Qian, Y., Zhang, Y. Porter, A.L., Liu, Y., and Guo, Y. (2017), A hybrid method to trace technology evolution pathways: A sase study of 3D printing, Scientometrics. DOI 10.1007/s11192-017-2271-8
Doctoral Student Yin Li Wins Scholarship Award
[February 8, 2017] Georgia Tech School of Public Policy PhD student Yin Li was being awarded “National Scholarship for Excellent Overseas Chinese Student” from Chinese Scholarship Council. The award was given to 501 overseas Chinese students for academic achievements in a range of disciplines with the approval of the Chinese Ministry of Education. Of the 19 award winners in the US Southeast, Yin Li was the only winner in a social science and humanities discipline. An award ceremony will be held later this year at the Chinese Embassy and Consulate in the US.
Two STIP Doctoral Students Win Prestigious Fellowship
[December 19, 2016] Georgia Tech School of Public Policy PhD students Seokbeom Kwon and Seokkyun Joshua Woo have been awarded a prestigious joint fellowship from the Science and Technology Policy Institute (STEPI) of Korea. As part of this fellowship, Seokbeom and Joshua will complete research on “Do industries’ absorptive capacities matter when adopting stronger IPR policy? Evidence from the 1986 South Korean IPR Reform“. Seokbeom, a third-year doctoral student, is undertaking dissertation research on the Market for Patents. Seokkyun is a first-year SPP doctoral student. Both are graduate research assistants with the Georgia Tech Program in Science and Technology Policy.
Under-reporting of Adverse Events in the Biomedical Literature
[November 5, 2016] Ron Kostoff, Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, published a recent article on under-reporting of adverse events in the biomedical literature. This paper outlining the deficiencies and distortions of the premier biomedical literature is available via Open Access here. The paper shows that the deficiencies and distortions lead to: (1) concealment of the full extent of the pervasive foundational causes of chronic disease; (2) reduced perceptions of health risk among individuals and policy-makers; (3) inadequate regulation and public health policy at the national and global levels. The paper should be of interest to people working in research ethics, research misconduct, under-reporting of adverse events, publication bias, and biomedical scientometrics. Citation: Kostoff, RN. Under-reporting of Adverse Events in the Biomedical Literature. 2016. JDIS. 1(4): 10-32. DOI:10.20309/jdis.201623
Ten Years of Nanotechnology Research Presented at OECD’s Blue Sky Conference
[September 21, 2016] A paper about the first 10 years of STIP nanotechnology research was presented at the OECD Blue Sky Forum on Science and Innovation Indicators (Blue Sky III), September 19-21, 2016 in Ghent, Belgium. Access the paper here.
Georgia Manufacturing Survey 2016 Released
[September 21, 2016] The Georgia Manufacturing Survey 2016 is published at gms-ei2.org. The Georgia Tech press release about the survey can be found here.
Porter Received PICMET Medal
[September 8, 2016] Alan Porter received the medal of excellence from the Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET) at its annual conference. Former visiting doctoral student Ying Huang won the outstanding student paper award.
New article on Nano-enabled Drug Delivery in Cancer Therapy
[August 22, 2016] Alan Porter and colleagues Jing Ma and Tehrah Aminabhavi recently published an article analyzing 10,354 MEDLINE records on NEDD for cancer treatment. Selected Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) “qualifiers” are used in clustering topical terms. Seven topical thrusts are distinguished along with an indicator of treatment generality across cancer types. For more information, see Ma, J., Porter, A.L.and Aminabhavi, T.M. (2016), Nano-enabled Drug Delivery in Cancer Therapy: Literature Analysis Using the MeSH System, Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, 4, 1-15; DOI: 10.2174/2211738504666160815120420.
Youtie presents at Inter-American Development Bank Workshop
[July 20, 2016] Jan Youtie gave a keynote presentation at the Regional Policy Dialogue on Science , Technology and Innovation in Central America and The Dominican Republic. Her presentation provided a conceptual definition of technology extension, international examples, and best practices.
Youtie Among Scientometricians Advising on Science and Engineering Indicators
[April, 2016] Jan Youtie was among scientometricians from Europe and North America invited to give advise on the National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators for 2018. Youtie led the session on emerging technologies. See the link here for a picture of workshop participants.
Yin Li receives paper award
[February 12, 2016] Yin Li received a second place award in the 2016 Career Research Innovation Development Conference (CRIDC) paper competition, which is for graduate students in the Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts at Georgia Tech. The title of his paper was “Using web mining to understand Triple Helix innovation partnership at micro level: application to US green manufacturing sectors.”
Philip Shapira elected AAAS Fellow
[November 25, 2015] Philip Shapira has been elected to be a American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow. AAAS cites Shapira’s “distinguished contributions to science, technology and innovation policy, particularly for contributions to improved understanding of effective means of modernizing manufacturing.” He will be inaugurated at the AAAS annual conference in February 2016. July, 2016 update: See his AAAS profile here.
Youtie presents at the Colombia Private Council on Competitiveness
[November 5, 2015] Jan Youtie gave a keynote presentation at the annual meeting of the Colombia Private Council on Competitiveness. The presentation concerned technology extension services.
eBook on Pervasive Causes of Disease Available
[August 13, 2015] Ron Kostoff, Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, published an eBook entitled Pervasive Causes of Disease, available online via Open Access. The overall theme of this book is preventing and reversing chronic diseases using the holistic medical principle: ‘removal of cause is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for restorative treatment to be effective’. The specific focus of this book is identifying, categorizing, and analyzing the pervasive foundational causes of ~4000 diseases, allowing these actionable causes to then be eliminated.
There is a substantial section outlining the deficiencies and distortions of the premier biomedical literature on which this book is based. These inadequacies lead to 1) concealment of the full extent of the pervasive foundational causes of chronic disease; 2) reduced perceptions of health risk among individuals and policy-makers; 3) inadequate regulation and public health policy at the national and global levels. There is also a lengthy section describing the text mining/ information technology advances that allowed the pervasive foundational causes to be extracted efficiently from the huge volumes of biomedical journal articles retrieved.
PICMET Medal of Excellence Award to Alan Porter
[April 28, 2015] Alan Porter was awarded the Medal of Excellence by the Portland International Center for Management of Engineering & Technology (PICMET). He also was appointed to the PICMET Advisory Council.
Shapira presents at the Association of American Geographers
[April 24, 2015] Philip Shapira presented at one of the two special sessions at the Association of American Geographers (AAG) annual conference honoring the life and work of Professor Peter Hall. See the link here for more information.
Youtie presents at the World Bank
[April 23, 2015] Jan Youtie gave a presentation on technology extension concepts, assessments, and delivery at the World Bank in Washington DC. Members of the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank were in attendance.
Li Wins Doctoral Student of the Year Award
[April 9, 2015] STIP research assistant Yin Li won the Best Doctoral Student award from the Georgia Tech School of Public Policy at its 2015 Banquet.
New Chapter on Tech Mining as part of the Millennium Project
[March 27, 2015] Alan Porter has a new chapter on Tech Mining as part of the 2013-2014 State of the Future book published by the Millennium Project. The chapter is co-authored with Yi Zhang. Access here for more information.
TechMining Training Workshops – September 15, 2015
[March 20, 2015] Alan Porter and Stephen Carley are leading text-mining software training and forecasting innovation pathways workshops on September 15, 2015. More information may be accessed online here.
Article on Chronic Kidney Disease
[December 5 2014] Ron Kostoff, Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, published a recent article on identifying the myriad causes and treatments for chronic kidney disease (CKD). The findings and suggested protocol provide a basis for potentially preventing and reversing CKD, in selected cases. The methodology may potentially be applicable to preventing and reversing any disease. The article may be accessed online here.
Porter, Youtie participate in Future-Oriented Technology Analysis Conference in Brussels
[November 2014] Alan, Porter, Jan Youtie and several former/current visiting grad students, and project collaborators participated in the “FTA” (Future-oriented Technology Analysis) Conference. The group ran a workshop on “Forecasting Innovation Pathways” and presented additional papers. Alan Porter served on the program steering committee and was interviewed by the conference organizers; the interview is available here.
STIP Research Featured in 2014 PCAST Report
[November 2014] The latest President’s Council of Advsors in Science and Technology (PCAST) assessment of the National Nanotechnology Initiative draws on STIP nanotechnology research and innovation analysis work. The report is available here.
Georgia Manufacturing Survey 2014 Reports Posted
[October 2014] Results of the 2014 Georgia Manufacturing Survey can be found here. Survey results include an executive brochure report, a longer detailed report, and a webinar. The survey was included as a “best in class example” in the Investing in Manufacturing Communities Partnership (IMCP) Summit in a panel presentation by Jan Youtie on October 30, 2014 at the Department of Commerce in Washington DC and as part of an introduction to the makerspace panel by Jan Youtie at the Middle Georgia Digital Economy Summit on October 28, 2014 in Macon, Georgia.
STIP Alumnus Erin Sparks Senior Advisor in the Department of Commerce
[June 2014] STIP alumnus Erin (Lamos) Sparks began a new job with the US Department of Commerce as Senior Advisor on Manufacturing in the Secretary’s Office of Policy and Strategic Planning.
Youtie, Porter, Kostoff received Research Publication Award
[May 25, 2014] Jan Youtie, Alan Porter, and Ron Kostoff were one of 30 researchers to receive the Research Publication Award by the International Association for Management of Technology (IAMOT). The award was given for being in the top percentile of researchers in Technology and Innovation Management from 2009-2013.
Arora, Jabbehdari Win Student of the Year Awards
[April 10, 2014] STIP research assistant Sanjay Arora received the Best Doctoral Student award from the Georgia Tech School of Public Policy at its 2014 Banquet. Sahra Jabbehdari, also a STIP research assistant, won the Best Undergraduate Student award at the banquet.
STIP Research Recognized in Federal Budget
[April 4, 2014] The National Nanotechnology Initiative 2015 budget supplement devoted a paragraph to CNS-ASU researchers at Georgia Tech. The budget text is: “The CNS node at Georgia Tech evaluates trends in publication, patents, and commercialization through data mining, interviews, and other methods as part of the “Research and Innovation Systems Analysis” group. The group’s main goal is to characterize the technical scope and dynamics of the nanoscale science and engineering enterprise and the linkages between it and a variety of public values and outcomes.” See http://www.nano.gov/node/1128 for more on the budget supplement.
National Academies report on Manufacturing and the MEP released
[October 10, 2013] The US National Academies has published a symposium report “Strengthening American Manufacturing: The Role of the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (National Academies Press, 2013). http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=18329. The report is a summary of a symposium convened to review current operations and recent US Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) initiatives in the broader context of global manufacturing trends and the opportunities for high-value manufacturing companies. Business leaders, academic experts, and state and federal officials addressed the metrics and impacts of MEP and identified potential areas of improvement. The meeting drew attention to the scale and focuses of MEP, and highlighted the role it plays in supporting and enabling U.S. manufacturers to compete more effectively in the global marketplace. This report includes an overview of key issues raised at this workshop and a detailed summary of the conference presentations. The report forms part of studies commissioned by the Committee on 21st Century Manufacturing: The Role of the Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. This National Academies Committee is chaired by Philip Shapira (Professor of Public Policy at Georgia Tech). The full panel report of the Committee (21st Century Manufacturing: The Role of the Manufacturing Extension Partnership) will be published by the National Academies later this year.
Article on patenting by small and medium sized companies in the nanotechnology domain
[October 9, 2013] Luciano Kay, Jan Youtie, and Philip Shapira have published an article (online first) in Technology Forecasting and Social Change on patenting by U.S. small and medium-sized enterprises in the nanotechnology domain. The article identifies at least two different strategic approaches to enter this field and distinctive roles along the innovation pathway. A longer-term strategy is associated with nanotechnology research and discovery and possibly use of nanotechnologies to enhance properties of products. Another strategy is associated with a newer generation of firms with a strong focus on novel nanotechnology product development and commercialization and more intensive patenting activity. See Kay Luciano, Youtie Jan, and Philip Shapira. “Signs of things to come? What patent submissions by small and medium-sized enterprises say about corporate strategies in emerging technologies” Technological Forecasting and Social Change(2013).
Youtie appointed to NSF Advisory Panel
[October 9, 2013] Jan Youtie was appointed to the 2013 National Science Foundation Science of Science and Innovation Policy (SciSIP) advisory panel. The panel provides merit reviews of proposals designed to advance the scientific basis of science and innovation policy.
Literature-based discovery techniques applied to ocular disease
[October 9, 2013] Ron Kostoff, Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, published a recent article on Vitreous Restoration [Kostoff R N, Los L I; Literature-related discovery techniques applied to ocular disease: a vitreous restoration example; Curr Opin Ophthalmol 2013; 24(6), pp 606-610] using the approach of Literature-Related Discovery and Innovation. The abstract is posted on the journal Web site. The article should be of interest to two groups: vitreous researchers and information technologists. Additionally, because of the central role of vitreous health to the health of surrounding ocular structures, it should be of interest to researchers on other ocular structures. For the information technologists, it provides an updated and comprehensive approach for generating literature-related discovery and innovation. Ron’s latest project builds upon the advances made in the Vitreous Restoration study, and focuses on preventing/reversing chronic kidney disease. It is a proof-of-principle demonstration of preventing/reversing any chronic disease, especially in (but not limited to) the early stages.
Global Patent Map Reveals the Structure of Technological Progress
[September 2, 2013] Work done by STIP colleagues primarily at Georgia Tech was cited in MIT Technology Review. This work examines citing-to-cited relationships among patents in PATSTAT from 2000-2006. The work disaggregates hierarchical patent groupings (e.g., international patent classification or IPC) based on patent counts to distinguish technologies in groupings with many patents such as “medical or veterinary science” (IPC A61). Results show that patents sharing a hierarchical categorization are not necessarily technologically similar as measured by citing-to-cited relationships. The work also provides online tools for patent overlay mapping through the following files: (1) IPC classes used in the map http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/ir28/patmap/KaySupplementary1.xls; (2) PowerPoint file with mapping examples http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/ir28/patmap/KaySupplementary2.ppt; (3) Interactive mapping representation in VosViewer http://www.vosviewer.com/vosviewer.php?map=http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/ir28/patmap/KaySupplementary3.txt . This research was performed primarily at Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) drawing on support from the US National Science Foundation (NSF) through the Center for Nanotechnology in Society (Arizona State University; Award No. 0531194); and NSF Award No. 1064146 to Georgia Tech (“Revealing Innovation Pathways: Hybrid Science Maps for Technology Assessment and Foresight”). Revisions were partially supported in collaboration with the Center for Nanotechnology in Society, University of California Santa Barbara (NSF Awards No. 0938099 and No. 0531184).The findings and observations contained in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the US National Science Foundation. The authors are Luciano Kay, Nil Newman (Intelligent Information Services Corporation), Jan Youtie (Georgia Tech), Alan L. Porter (Georgia Tech and Search Technologies), and Ismael Rafols (University of Sussex).
Porter selected as PICMET fellow, best student paper award received
[August 12, 2013] Alan Porter was selected as a Portland International Conference on Management and Engineering Technology (PICMET) Fellow as the conference in San Jose, California, July 28-August 1, 2013. Best student paper award at the conference went to Xiao Zhou, visiting doctoral researcher at STIP (based at Beijing Institute of Technology). The suggested citation: Zhou, X., Porter, A.L., Robinson, D.K.R., and Guo, Y. Analyzing Research Publication Patterns. Portland International Conference on Management and Engineering Technology (PICMET) conference proceedings, San Jose, California, July 28-August 1, 2013.
Text mining for science and technology – a review part 2 – citation and discovery
[August 5, 2013] Ron Kostoff, Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, had a recent article (Text mining for science and technology – a review part 2 – citation and discovery) published by the Journal of Scientometric Research. This article is the second part of a two-part review of the author’s work in developing text mining procedures. Part 2 addresses three complementary components of text mining: Citation scientometrics, seminal literature reviews (SLR), and literature-related discovery and innovation (LRDI). All three have at their core the development of very comprehensive and precise queries for retrieving the data of interest. For any literature of interest, the citation scientometrics approach analyzes in detail the papers that cite the literature of interest (citation mining), and/or the papers that are cited by the literature of interest. The SLR uses the highly-cited references in a retrieved literature of interest to map out the intellectual heritage of that literature. The LRDI integrates (a) discovery generation from disparate literatures with (b) the wealth of knowledge contained in the prior art to (c) potentially solve technical problems that appear intractable. The review highlights each of the approaches drawing from studies undertaken by the author and his research group. The article can be accessed online at http://www.jscires.org/text.asp?2013/2/1/3/115862. The suggested citation: Kostoff RN. Text mining for science and technology: A review – Part II-citation and discovery. J Sci Res 2013;2:3-14.
Career-based influences on scientific recognition in the United States and Europe
[July 11, 2013] Jan Youtie, Juan Rogers, Thomas Heinze, Li Tang, and Philip Shapira, published a paper titled “Career-based influences on scientific recognition in the United States and Europe: Longitudinal evidence from curriculum vitae data” in Research Policy. The paper examines how funding patterns, career pathways and collaboration networks influence scientific recognition. The paper can be accessed online at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048733313000875. Suggested citation: Jan Youtie, Juan Rogers, Thomas Heinze, Philip Shapira, and Li Tang. “Career-based influences on scientific recognition in the United States and Europe: Longitudinal evidence from curriculum vitae data” Research Policy In Press (2013).
Opening day plenary speech given at R&D Management Conference
[June 26, 2013] Jan Youtie gave an open day plenary speech at the R&D Management Conference in Manchester UK. The title was: What do we know about new multifunctional research centers? A US perspective.
STIP Alumnus Travis Horsley Wins Award
[March 13, 2013] Travis Horsley won the Ivan Allen Jr. Legacy award Founder’s Day Awards Celebratory Program. Horsley was honored as a co-founder of Tubing Operations for Humanitarian Logistics (TOHL), which makes tubing to transport water for humanitarian relief.
New Tools for Science Policy
[February 14, 2013] Jan Youtie presented work with Philip Shapira and other STIP colleagues at the New Tools for Science Policy event in Washington DC, held at the Center for Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes. Entitled ” Time to Reassess the Promise of Nanotechnology?” the presentation discusses commercial transitions in nanotechnology.
STIP Alumnus Luciano Kay’s book published
[February 13, 2013] Luciano Kay, STIP researcher and graduate of the School of Public Policy’s doctoral program, had a book published based on his dissertation. Technological Innovation and Prize Incentives examines case studies of the use of global prizes in the aerospace industry. Edward Elgar is the publisher.
Effects of Electromagnetic fields Published
[January 11, 2013] Ronald N. Kostoff, Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, had a recent article on ‘combined biological and health effects of electromagnetic fields and other agents in the published literature’ published online in Technological Forecasting and Social Change (Kostoff RN, Lau CGY. Combined biological and health effects of electromagnetic fields and other agents in the published literature. Technological Forecasting & Social Change (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2012.12.006.) (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.12.006) Electromagnetic field (EMF) radiation exerts both stand-alone and combined effects on biological systems. The present study examines the scope of the combined effects; i.e., identify effects on biological systems from combined exposure to electromagnetic fields/radiation and at least one other agent. Only articles in which the presence of EMF had some effect (beneficial or adverse) on the biological system were selected. A comprehensive and novel query was developed using an iterative hybrid approach, whereby articles related by common text and by citation linkages were retrieved. This retrieved literature was: 1) clustered algorithmically into 32 biomedical sub-themes (assigned by the authors); 2) grouped through factor analysis into 32 factors; and 3) subsequently grouped manually (by the authors) into an effects-based taxonomy. The common principles within each thematic cluster/group that accounted for the combined effects were identified. There is a wide range of potential effects in which EMF plays a supportive role. Beneficial effects include improved treatment of chronic diseases like cancer by enhancing ionizing radiation or chemotherapy, and accelerated healing of wounds and injuries in concert with other agents. Adverse effects, on the other hand, include enhanced carcinogenesis, cellular or genetic mutations, and teratogenicity. It should be noted that community consensus does not exist on these potential effects, either beneficial or adverse, although there is substantial credible scientific evidence supporting the above effects (as the body of this paper shows). In real life, the body is exposed to multiple environmental agents simultaneously, e.g., a variety of EMF, pesticides, food additives, and air pollution. The number of potential environmental agent combinations is large, and each combination could potentially have beneficial or adverse effects; much work remains to be done before definitive statements about EMF safety can be made. A preprint is available here.
Text mining for science and technology – a review part I – characterization/scientometrics
[December 3, 2012] Ronald N. Kostoff, a Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, had a recent article (Text mining for science and technology – a review part I – characterization/scientometrics) accepted by the Journal of Scientometric Research . This article is the first part of a two-part review of the author’s work in developing text mining procedures. The focus of Part I is Scientometrics. Novel approaches that were used to text mine the field of nanoscience/nanotechnology and the science and technology portfolio of China are described. A unique approach to identify documents related to an application theme (e.g., military-related, intelligence-related, space-related) rather than a discipline theme is also described in some detail. The full-text preprint can be accessed here (http://www.jscires.org/sites/default/files/10.5530.jscires.2012.1.5.pdf). Journal of Scientometric Research, 2012; 1(1):11-21. doi:10.5530/jscires.2012.1.5
STIP student Travis Horsley wins Video Competition
[October 18, 2012] Travis Horsley, STIP graduate student and one of four founders of Atlanta startup TOHL, won Start Up Atlanta’s 2012 $10,000 Entrepreneur Video Competition. TOHL makes tubing to transport water for humanitarian relief. The announcement of the award was made by Atlanta Mayor Kasim Reed on October 18, 2012. See http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0blTPfzLR4U for the winning video.
Highly cited literature of high-speed compressible flow research
[July 2, 2012] Ronald N. Kostoff, a Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, had a recent paper (Highly cited literature of high-speed compressible flow research) accepted by the journal Aerospace Science and Technology . The paper identifies critical background documents that form the building blocks and intellectual heritage for modern compressible flow research. The full-text preprint can be accessed here. A method for systematically determining these critical references is presented in the context of its application to high-speed flow using Citation-Assisted Background , which is based on the assumption that many critical documents tend to be highly cited within the literature, although not necessarily recently. Especially for very recent and very old documents, ‘highly cited’ should be interpreted as citation frequencies substantially larger than those of their contemporaries, which are documents published in the same time frame, but not limited to the same year. While Citation-Assisted Background is a highly systematic approach for identifying critical references, it is not a substitute for the judgment of the researchers, but rather complements their expertise. In this critical review of high-speed compressible flow, important documents have been identified using Citation-Assisted Background, but other documents have been added by the authors to enhance the picture provided by the highly-cited documents.
 R. N. Kostoff, R. M. Cummings, Highly cited literature of high-speed compressible flow research, Aerospace Science and Technology (2012), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ast.2012.04.006
 R. N. Kostoff, M. F. Shlesinger, CAB-Citation-Assisted Background, Scientometrics, 62:2, 199-212, 2005.
Jan Youtie and Philip Shapira appointed visiting professors at Beijing Institute of Technology
[May 25, 2012] Jan Youtie and Philip Shapira were appointed Beijing Institute of Technology visiting professors in a ceremony on May 25, 2012 in Beijing China. This appointment is through BIT’s School of Management and Economics. The appointment ceremony can be seen here.
Graphene Commercial Activity On an Upward Trajectory
[March 29, 2012] Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie, and Sanjay K. Arora published a paper that appears in the current issue of the Journal of Nanoparticle Research. The paper, “Early patterns of commercial activity in graphene,” finds that graphene as a whole is experiencing concurrent scientific development and patenting growth, country- and application-specific trends offer some evidence of the linear and double-boom models.
Paper on Nanotechnology’s Economic Contributions to Green and Sustainable Growth
[March 27, 2012] Philip Shapira (with Jan Youtie) presented a commissioned paper (written by both authors), “The Economic Contributions of Nanotechnology to Green and Sustainable Growth,” at the International Symposium on Assessing the Economic Impact of Nanotechnology, 27-28 March 2012, Washington DC. The symposium is organized by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative and hosted by American Association for Advancement of Science.
Presentation on Literature-Related Discovery and Innovation
[March 23, 2012] Ronald N. Kostoff, a Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, presented a colloquium on Literature-Related Discovery and Innovation (LRDI) to the Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, School of Systems Biology, George Mason University, on 20 March 2012. The presentation provided an applications context for LRDI, and emphasized studies on military relevant technologies identification, Parkinson’s Disease preventatives and treatments, Multiple Sclerosis preventatives and treatments, SARS preventatives and treatments, relationships between a neurodegenerative disease (Parkinson’s) and an autoimmune disease (Crohn’s), vitreous restoration approaches, and overall LRDI findings. The presentation may be accessed here.
New Article on Literature-based Discovery
[March 2, 2012] Ronald N. Kostoff, a Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, published a recent article online (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.02.002) updating the Literature-Related Discovery and Innovation (LRDI) technique in Technological Forecasting and Social Change (Kostoff RN. Literature-Related Discovery and Innovation – Update. Technological Forecasting and Social Change (2012). doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2012.02.002.). The information technology-based LRDI technique (which identifies prevention and remediation measures for chronic and infectious diseases) may be of interest to researchers in text mining, bioinformatics, and literature-based discovery, and the potential medical applications may be of special interest to researchers/clinicians focused on preventing, reducing, halting, or reversing progression of chronic and infectious diseases. To illustrate the potential power of LRDI, the article emphasizes the relationship between the results of the 2007 LRDI multiple sclerosis (MS) study and a recent demonstration of MS reversal.
The findings in the latest study include:
- the role of comprehensive and precise information retrieval in discovery and innovation
- the value of interdisciplinary research in discovery and innovation
- the critical role of hormesis and synergy in preventative measures and accelerated healing
- the critical need for cause removal in reversal of chronic disease
- the severe under-reporting of critical variables in the clinical trials literature
- the severe under-utilization of the broad biomedical literature for reversing chronic disease
- concerns about the credibility and integrity of the medical literature in areas that concern commercial and government/political sensitivities
The above summary has centered around medical applications, since they were the focal point of most previous LRDI studies. However, as the 2008 LRDI water purification study showed, potential discovery equal to or greater than that from the medical studies may be possible for non-medical technical problems. The latest LRDI incarnation can be easily adapted to identifying e.g. new biofuel sources, new carbon sequestration techniques, more efficient solar cell materials and structures, more sensitive environmental pollution detectors, more effective cyber-security concepts, and other topics that are of central concern to the public policy community.
The full text pre-print may be accessedhere.
New Article on US-China Nanotechnology Research Output
[February 28, 2012] Ronald N. Kostoff, a Research Affiliate with the School of Public Policy and STIP, had a recent article on USA/China research output comparison published online in Technological Forecasting and Social Change (Kostoff RN. China/USA nanotechnology research output comparison – 2011 update. Technological Forecasting & Social Change (2012). doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2012.01.007.)(http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2012.01.007). The results in the attached file are summarized as follows. A 2009 comparison of China/USA research publication outputs showed China about to overtake the USA in nanotechnology and nanoscience (NN) research output. As predicted by the extrapolated 2009 curve, China has passed the USA in NN research publication output. This transition occurred in the 2008/2009 time frame, and has become quite pronounced by the end of 2011 (~20%). When specific sub-disciplines are examined, the differences between China and USA become even more pronounced. For example, the 2009 paper presented the time trend for China/USA publications in nanocomposites, an important sub-discipline of NN. The updated nanocomposites curve has increased about twice the rate of the overall NN curve, and shows no sign of abating. The USA papers lead in the numbers of citations by all metrics considered, but the Chinese papers are showing significant improvement with time. Overall, the Chinese papers are cited very modestly, but there is a core of ‘heavy hitters’ that appears to be increasing substantially with time, and is increasingly making its presence known in the higher Impact Factor journals. The performance of other countries (in total nanotechnology research publication output only) was also examined on 2/6/2012, at the same time that the 2011 China/USA results were updated for all 2011. The outputs of the top producers in 2001 and 2011 were calculated, and normalized to that of the USA. In a decade, the following occurred:
- China almost tripled its ratio, even while the USA National Nanotechnology Initiative expended about $14 billion in funds over that period
- Iran increased its ratio from ~1/2% to over 12%, more than an order of magnitude
- India increased its ratio by about 250%
- South Korea doubled its ratio
- Taiwan almost doubled its ratio
- Singapore almost doubled its ratio
- Japan’s ratio dropped by about 40%
- Russia dropped substantially in the rankings, going e.g. from almost 50% of China’s output in 2001 to slightly over 10% of China’s output in 2011.
Sanjay K. Arora Wins at 2012 Georgia Tech Research & Innovation Conference
[February 13, 2012] Sanjay K. Arora, a second year doctoral student at the School of Public Policy at Georgia Institute of Technology, was one of several poster competition winners at the Georgia Tech Research and Innovation Conference, held on the campus of Georgia Tech on February 7, 2012. Sanjay’s research poster, “Commercialization of New and Emerging Technologies: A Cross Country Comparison of Graphene Firms” looks at how small to medium sized firms working in graphene, a novel nanotechnology material, present and reveal their business strategies online. The findings suggest that firm strategy is influenced by level of technical specialization, country level factors, and the degree to which the firm is application and end-use sector oriented. Implications for entrepreneurship and innovation policy highlight the heterogeneous composition and goals of young companies working in novel scientific areas. Sanjay was awarded a professional travel grant. More than 300 Georgia Tech graduate students presented their research at the Conference. Sanjay’s research is ongoing with the Georgia Tech Program in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP) and is supported in part by the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) with sponsorship from the National Science Foundation.
Alan Porter honored for contributions to “Big Data”
[February 2, 2011] Alan Porter was honored at the 75th Anniversary Gala Celebration of Georgia Tech Research Corporation. He received the Big Data award, which recognizes his contributions to commercializing technology for the management of large complex datasets.
Philip Shapira Named Chair of New National Academies Committee on 21st Century Manufacturing.
[November 7, 2011] Philip Shapira has been named chair for a new National Academies committee that will examine “21st Century Manufacturing: The Role of the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) Program of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.”
Graphene Commercialization Research on NSF Website
[May 19, 2011] Jan Youtie and Philip Shapira were mentioned on the National Science Foundation website for their work on graphene commercialization. The article discussed the steep growth, global presence, and number of companies involved in commercialization of graphene research. For more information, see http://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=119493&org=NSF
[May 12-13, 2011] Alan Porter presented his work on forecasting innovation pathways for dye sensitized solar cells at the International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis.
STIP Researchers Launch Innovation Co-Lab
[March 24, 2011] Early March 2011 saw the launch of a strategic partnership among Georgia Tech’s Enterprise Innovation Institute (EI2), the United Kingdom’s University of Manchester (UNIMAN), and China’s Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), the goal of which is to design and operate a collaborative framework for extending mutual research capabilities and efforts. Introductory remarks were made on behalf of Georgia Tech by EI2 vice president and director Stephen Fleming; Susan Cozzens, associate dean for research and professor in the School of Public Policy; and Diana Hicks, chair and professor in the School of Public Policy, along with their counterparts at UNIMAN and BIT.
Principally involved on the EI2 side are STIP researchers Jan Youtie, Juan Rogers, Alan Porter, and Philip Shapira who also represents UNIMAN. The primary BIT member is Donghua Zhu.
Called Innovation Co-Laboratory (Co-Lab), the endeavor will initially run for three years, and activities will include virtual and on-site research collaboration, academic exchanges, joint student training, and dissemination of findings. It also hopes to become a sustainable, scalable model for other Chinese-U.S.-U.K. strategic collaborations, possibly engaging additional partners.
Initially, research will focus on nanotechnology, particularly research developments and commercial pathways in three case-study areas: die–sensitized solar cells, biosensors, and graphene. Joint projects, workshops, and training modules will play prominent roles in the academic arena. Dissemination will occur via panels at the Global Tech Mining and Atlanta Science & Innovation Policy Conferences in September 2011 and by Co-Lab participation in forums at the three universities.
For more information on Co-Lab, contact Jan Youtie (404/894-6111, email@example.com).
Call for Papers
[March 24, 2011] The 1st Global TechMining Conference is scheduled for September 14, 2011 in Atlanta, and the conference organizing committee invites abstracts for oral presentations, roundtable presentations, and posters. Proposals should be submitted by April 1, 2011 via www.gtmconference.org.
The conference’s goal is to help build cross-disciplinary networks of analysts, software specialists, and researchers to advance the use of textual information in multiple science, technology, and business development fields. Conference themes include, but are not limited to, research profiling, R&D assessment, intelligence gathering, and best practices in software-based text mining, analysis, and visualization.
Held in conjunction with the 2011 Atlanta Conference on Science and Innovation Policy, the Global TechMining event is sponsored by VPInstitute and Georgia Tech’s program in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP) and Technology Policy & Assessment Center. For more information, contact Denise Chiavetta, program chair, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
[December 13, 2010] In a Comment piece in Nature, researchers Philip Shapira and Jue Wang use data-mining techniques to assemble a database of nanotechnology publications that allows them to make comparisons across countries. They have analyzed funding acknowledgments reported by authors to link research output with its funding source for the leading international sponsors of nanotechnology. Despite the early focus on national initiatives, the authors find that patterns of funding and publications often cross borders. The authors suggest that one way that national agencies can improve their outcomes: foster more international partnerships between domestic researchers and their colleagues overseas.
[December 8, 2010] Philip Shapira and Juan Rogers presented at the National Science Foundation’s Nanoscale Science and Engineering Conference in Arlington, Virginia, December 6-8, 2010. Shapira’s presentation was entitled, “Anticipating developments in nanotechnology commercialization.”Trajectories of Nanotechnology Research and Innovation: Trends, Cases, and Propositions,” and Rogers’ presentation was entitled, “Publication Patterns and Collaborative Work at NSECs.”
[December 3, 2010] Jan Youtie was an invited presenter at the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas conference, ” Sizing Up Nanotechnology: The Economic Impact of Nanoelectronics” co-sponsored with the Semiconductor Industry Association. The conference agenda can be found at: http://www.dallasfed.org/news/research/2010/10nano.cfm. Youtie’s presentation was entitled, “Anticipating developments in nanotechnology commercialization.”
[December 2, 2010] Jan Youtie was an instructor in the International Economic Development Council’s Technology-Led Economic Development course held December 2-3, 2010 at Georgia Tech. Youtie gave one presentation on regional innovation clusters and entrepreneurship and another on the engaged university.
[November 1, 2010] Alan Porter, Julia Melkers, Stephen Carley, Fang Xiao presented at a panel, “Making Sense of Science: Use of Text Mining for Scientific and Technical Domains” on November 1. Panel presenters discussed how using text-mining tools to analyze large sets of science and technology information, how to integrate text mining with social network analysis, and how to use these tools to develop indicators and insights into critical questions about emerging technologies.
[October 26, 2010] Jan Youtie spoke at the Nano@Tech seminar series on environmental, health and safety research in nanotechnology. This research was also presented at the National Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers conference in Atlanta on October 23. The article on which this presentation is based, co-authored with Philip Shapira, Alan Porter, Li Tang, and Troy Benn, appears in Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.
[October 19, 2010] The National Science Foundation has awarded $1.13 million to researchers in the School of Public Policy and the Enterprise Innovation Institute to continue their work as part of the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU). Several STIP faculty and students are (and will be) engaged with CNS-ASU over the next five years of this grant. The Nanotechnology Research and Innovation Systems Analysis group (Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie, Juan Rogers, Alan Porter) will receive $813,475 to track trajectories of nanotechnology research and innovation to inform policies related to nanotechnology’s economic deployment and to provide a resource for societal and risks assessments. The Nanotechnology Equity and Responsibility group (led by Susan Cozzens) at Georgia Tech will receive $316,698 to focus on issues of equity, equality and responsibility in the development of nanotechnologies.
[Sept 29, 2010] A report on the 2010 Georgia Manufacturing Survey (GMS) is now available in both print and electronic format. For the former, contact Ieasha Jones (404/385-6215, email@example.com); for the latter (PDF), click here.
Among highlights from the 2010 GMS:
- Twenty percent of Georgia manufacturers chose low price to compete in the marketplace compared to less than 10 percent that competed through innovation or new technology.
- Profits of Georgia manufacturers generally declined between 2008 and 2010, but they declined much less for companies competing mainly through innovation than low price. And those that prioritized innovation as a strategy were nearly twice as likely as those who prioritized low cost to add sales and employees.
- Half of Georgia manufactures had export sales, with 22 percent increasing their export sales in 2009 over 2007 levels.
- Nearly 40 percent of respondents identified marketing and sales as their top concern, a higher figure than in any previous GMS.
- Nineteen percent of respondents noted technical skills as another top concern, but 25 percent reported not spending any funds on employee training, whether it involved routine tasks or new capabilities.
Begun in 1994 and conducted very two to three years, the GMS benchmarks the use of modern manufacturing technology, practices and techniques by industry statewide. Information gleaned from the survey is used to improve manufacturing assistance programs and regional innovation initiatives that, in turn, help Georgia companies compete, improve their profitability and create jobs for Georgians.
[Sept 28, 2010] In late September 2010, Jan Youtie and Philip Shapira participated in the Society for Nanotechnology and Emerging Technologies conference in Darmstadt, Germany. The former was a keynote speaker focusing on the role of environmental, health, and safety research in nanotechnology. The latter delivered a presentation concerning the factors that influence the entry of corporations into nanotechnology research and commercialization.
Earlier in September, Juan Rogers and Jan Youtie took part in an academic exchange with the Beijing Institute of Technology. The aim was to share common research interests during the week of the Chinese university’s 70th anniversary celebrations. The former stayed on as an honored guest in BIT’s anniversary observances and was appointed an adjunct professor at the university.
Georgia Tech also is working with BIT to develop a virtual laboratory for enhancing text mining applications.
[Sept 1, 2010] STIP researchers are prominently represented among authors in the newly released Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society (David Guston, ed., Sage Publications, July 2010). The 1,000 page volume marks an international collaboration that reviews and reflects upon a wide range of topics related to the implications of nanotechnology, gauging its promises and risks, assessing impacts of policy decisions, and communicating the meaning of nanoscience research.
Alan Porter, Juan Rogers, Philip Shapira, and Jan Youtie, as well as doctoral students Stephen Carley, Vrishali Subramanian, and Li Tang, contributed to the encyclopedia. Topics covered nanostructures, data mining, nanodistricts, research patterns and assessments, and nanotech in the United States and China. Theirs are among some 425 contributions representing diverse disciplines–ranging from economics and engineering to philosophy and public policy–that pertain to ethics, law, education, government, commerce, computing, agriculture, and medicine, among other issues.
Accessible and jargon-free, the Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society also includes a chronology, resource guide, and glossary. For more information, visit Sage Publications.
[Aug 6, 2010] Enactment of appropriate federal policies could enable the South to generate 15 to 30 percent of its electricity from renewable energy sources within the next 20 years, according to a new report from Georgia Tech and Duke University. STIP senior researcher and School of Public Policy professor Marilyn Brown was a co-author of the policy brief, “Renewable Energy in the South.”
Using a customized version of the National Energy Modeling System, the analysis found that a federal renewable electricity standard and carbon pricing system would increase the proportion of electricity from renewable sources by utilities. Researchers anticipate that wind, biomass and hydropower would provide the most generation potential, and suggest that even homes and businesses using small-scale solar facilities could contribute significantly by 2030.
Renewable technologies, notes the report, not only would help the region shift away from fossil fuels but also “present an opportunity to diversify energy resources while increasing reliance on domestic fuels with greater benefits for employment and economic growth relative to imported energy supplies.”
The study was funded by the Energy Foundation, the Kresge Foundation and the Turner Foundation. The full 11-page working paper is available at http://www.spp.gatech.edu/aboutus/workingpapers/renewable-energy-in-the-south.
[ Aug 7, 2010] In spring semester 2010, STIP faculty Jan Youtie (EI2) and William Drummond (School of City and Regional Planning) co-taught a class on climate change planning. It involved six undergraduate and two graduate students drawn from four different Georgia Tech colleges. The class studied a broad range of climate-change mitigation policies, then applied them in a study of the city of Decatur, Ga. The study evaluated various policy and technology options for the city to reduce its greenhouse-gas emissions 80 percent by 2050. Results of the study were presented to the Decatur city manager, city planner, public works director, and sustainability coordinator.
[ Aug 7, 2010] In late July 2010, STIP co-directors Jan Youtie and Philip Shapira interviewed several scientists, tech transfer specialists, economic development managers, and business executives in northwestern England as part of an effort to investigate R&D and commercialization of graphene, a material that could create more powerful semiconductors.
Georgia Tech and the United Kingdom’s University of Manchester are centers of graphene research, and researchers at both schools want to produce a database of graphene-related publications, patenting, corporate activities, and industry linkages for Manchester, Atlanta, and other benchmark locations. Establishing a model of emerging technology and innovation partnership may interest other institutions and cities in the United States and United Kingdom. Tentative plans are to hold an interdisciplinary symposium in graphene research and commercialization in Atlanta the middle of next year.
[Aug 2, 2010] Jennifer Chirico, a Ph.D. candidate in Georgia Tech’s School of Public Policy and a 2009 STIP summer intern, delivered a keynote speech at the International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies & Hazardous Waste Combustors on May 17, 2010 in San Francisco. The conference was sponsored by the Air and Waste Management Association. Her speech, which concerned the importance of sustainability related to waste management, was based on her research as a STIP intern in 2009.
[ July 1, 2010] Philip Shapira and Jan Youtie have contributed to a new book, Competing for Global Innovation Leadership: Innovation Systems and Policies in the USA, EU and Asia edited by Ranier Frietsch and Margot Schuller and published by Fraunhofer Verlag (2010). Their chapter is titled “The Innovation System and Innovation Policy in the United States.”
[ July 1, 2010] Alan Porter contributed a chapter, “Text Mining of Science & Technology Information Resources for Future-oriented Technology Analyses,” to Futures Research Methodology Version 3.0 edited by J.C. Glenn and T.J. Gordon and published by the Millennium Project, WFUNA (2009).
[ July 1, 2010] In late March 2010, STIP hosted the Transatlantic Workshop on Nanotechnology Innovation and Policy at Georgia Tech’s Global Learning Center in Midtown Atlanta. The three-day event included speakers from the United States, Canada, China, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Finland, France, and the Netherlands. STIP faculty Jan Youtie, Philip Shapira, and Alan Porter figured prominently as presenters, panelists, and session chairs. The workshop covered a broad spectrum of nanotechnology topics, ranging from global developments, research, and commercialization to regulation, patenting, and knowledge transfer. Sponsors included Georgia Tech, the Consulate General of Canada in Atlanta, the Center for Nanotechnology in Society, and the Manchester Institute of Innovation Research at the United Kingdom’s University of Manchester.
[ July 1, 2010] In spring 2010, STIP associate faculty member Shiri Breznitz, with Gordon Kingsley, taught a senior seminar in the School of Public Policy that enables students to do projects for actual clients. One team of students analyzed the manufacturing policies of six states to determine related legislative activity and trends, an effort undertaken for the Enterprise Innovation Institute. With the 2010 Georgia Manufacturing Survey, the cross-state analysis will be delivered to state officials to help formulate future Georgia manufacturing policy. One of the team members, Travis Horsley, is working this summer with the Enterprise Innovation Institute. In the 2010-11 academic year, the seminar will become a year-long course.
[ July 1, 2010] In October 2009, Andrea Fernandez-Ribas attended an international workshop in Buenos Aires concerning regional innovation systems and gave a presentation on measuring, analyzing, and comparing the dynamics of regional innovation systems in Latin America. The workshop was organized by the Inter-American Development Bank.
She also had an article, “Public support to private innovation in multi-level governance systems: an empirical investigation,” in Science and Public Policy (vol. 36, no. 6) and co-authored “Knowledge, capabilities and manufacturing innovation: a US-Europe comparison” appearing in Regional Studies (vol. 44, no. 3). In addition, she has contributed (with Pablo Catalan) a chapter (23) to a forthcoming book edited by the Spanish Foundation of Science and Technology, forthcoming in June-July 2010. The book title is “Apoyo publico a la innovacion desde diferentes niveles de govierno.”
[ July 1, 2010] STIP faculty have interacted with colleagues at the Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), especially developing strong relationships in BIT’s School of Management and Economics. Alan Porter has worked closely with Professor Donghua Zhu since the early 1990s. The latter operates a data analysis and knowledge management lab, and two of his Ph.D. students spent a year at Georgia Tech in 2009. The ongoing collaboration has yielded some 14 papers and presentations. Also, Juan Rogers has been working with Professor Yun Liu, who visited Georgia Tech twice in 2010, and a joint proposal is under review. BIT’s president and several key faculty also have come to Atlanta this year, and Porter, Rogers, Philip Shapira, and Li Tang from STIP visited BIT in 2009.
This collaboration spans the globe. With the United Kingdom’s University of Manchester Institute of Innovation Research and the BIT Management and Economics School, STIP and the School of Public Policy are working to create the International Technology Innovation Management and Public Policy Research Centre to facilitate collaborative research and educational exchange.